85 FR 62583
Implementation of Certain New Controls on Emerging Technologies Agreed at Wassenaar Arrangement 2019 Plenary
This final rule implements multilateral controls on six recently developed or developing technologies, which were identified by the Wassenaar Arrangement (WA) December 2019 WA Plenary Meeting in a manner contemplated by the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (ECRA) to identify emerging technologies that are essential to U.S. national security. The six emerging technologies are:
- Hybrid additive manufacturing (AM)/computer numerically controlled (CNC) tools (2B001),
- Computational lithography software designed for the fabrication of extreme ultraviolet (EUV) masks (3D003),
- Technology for finishing wafers for 5nm production (new ECCN 3E004),
- Digital forensics tools that circumvent authentication or authorization controls on a computer (or communications device) and extract raw data (5A004.b),
- Software for monitoring and analysis of communications and metadata acquired from a telecommunications service provider via a handover interface (5D001.e), and
- Sub-orbital craft (9A004.h, 9A515.a).
This rule harmonizes the CCL with the WA December 2019 Plenary Meeting agreements that pertain to these six technologies. As these six technologies are recently developed or developing technologies that are essential to the national security of the United States, early implementation of the applicable WA December 2019 Plenary agreements is warranted. The remaining WA 2019 Plenary agreements will be implemented in a separate rule.